Chapter Two A simple explanation of Islam

 

                                                       

Explain يشرح                                                  

 

Explanation شرح                                        

 

Tell يخبر                                                      

 

Holy مقدس                                                    

 

Message رسالة                                              

 

Believe يؤمن                                                  

 

Creator الخالق                                                

 

Universe الكون                                              

 

Apostle رسول                                              

 

Direct ترشد / تدل                                          

 

Path سبيل                                                        

 

Beneficial مفيد                                              

 

Determine يحدد                                            

 

Reward مكافأة                                                

 

Punishment عقاب                                        

 

Eternal أبدي                                                  

 

Life حياة                                                      

 

 

Death موت                                                    

 

Righteous مستقيم                                        

 

Influence يؤثر على                                      

 

Various العديد من                                            

 

Aspect جانب                                                  

 

Spiritual روحي                                          

 

Social اجتماعي                                            

 

Moral أخلاق                                                

 

Economic اقتصادي                                    

 

Demand يطلب                                            

 

Qualities صفات                                          

 

Truthful صادق                                            

 

Virtuous فاضل                                            

 

Modest متواضع                                          

 

Courteous لطيف                                        

 

Compassionate رحيم                                  

 

Relations أقارب                                          

 

 

 

Neighbours جيران                                      

 

Mankind بشر                                                

 

Stick to يتمسك بـ                                          

 

Avoid يتجنب                                              

 

Thoughts أفكار                                          

 

Behavior سلوك                                          

 

Cherish يفضل                                          

 

Wholesome صحي                                    

 

Indecent غير لائق                                        

 

Truth الصدق                                                  

 

Virtue الفضيلة                                              

 

Goals أهداف                                                

 

Arrogance غطرسة                                    

 

Vanity غرور                                              

 

Harshness خشونه                                      

 

Selfishness أنانية                                      

 

Indifference لامبالاة                                  

 

Distasteful كريه                                        

 

 

 

Offensive منفر                                              

 

Displeasing غير مرضي                                

 

Satisfy يرضى                                              

 

Requirements متطلبات                                

 

Welfare رفاهية                                              

 

The needy المحتاجين                                    

 

Afford يتحمل                                                

 

Purify ينقي- يطهر                                        

 

Oneness of God وحدانية الله                          

 

Witness يشهد                                                

 

Fast يصوم                                                      

 

Pilgrimage الحج                                            

 

Encourage يشجع                                        

 

Support يدعم                                                

 

Honest أمين                                                  

 

Respected محترم                                        

 

Earn يكسب                                                    

 

Private خاص                                                

 

 

 

Public عام                                                      

 

Property ملكية                                              

 

Manage يدير                                                  

 

Freely مجاناً                                                  

 

Usury الربا                                                    

 

Exploitation استغلال                                                      

Pay يدفع                                                        

 

Prohibited محرم- ممنوع                                

 

Alms صدقات                                                  

 

Earnings مكاسب                                            

 

Exemplary مثالي                                          

 

Thoughtfulness مراعاة مشاعر الاخرين              

 

Community مجتمع                                      

 

Religion دين                                                

 

Embrace تشمل / تضم                                    

 

Human beings البشر                                  

 

Encourage يشجع                                        

 

Witnessيشهد                                                

 

Supreme عليا                                                

 

Power قدرة                                                  

 

Dishonourableغير شريف                            

 

Contemplation تأمل                                    

 

Firm belief عقيدة ثابتة                                    

 

Piety تقوى                                                    

 

Creation خلق / ابداع                                    

 

Aspect جانب                                                  

 

Nations أمم                                                  

 

Virtue فضيلة                                                  

 

Duty واجب                                                    

 

Conscientious حي الضمير                              

 

Purify ينقي                                                      

 

Prosperity رخاء                                            

 

 

 

 

 

Honest أمين                                                    

 

Earn يكسب قوت يومه                                      

 

Promote يحث / يشجع                                      

 

Feelings مشاعر                                            

 

Behavior سلوك                                              

 

Limited محدود                                                

 

Towards تجاه                                                

 

Miraculous اعجازى                                      

 

Creation خلق                                                

 

Lead to يؤدي إلى                                          

 

Supreme power قدرة إلهية                            

 

Rank العرق / الجنس                                        

 

Equality المساواة                                            

 

 

 

Dignity كرامة                                                

 

Honourشرف                                                

 

Unparalleled غير متوازن                              

 

Origin أصل                                                  

 

Wealth ثروة                                                  

 

Brotherhood إخوة                                        

 

Attitudes اتجاهات                                        

 

Ideal مثالي                                                    

 

Establish يؤسس                                          

 

Emigrate يهاجر                                          

 

The heathens المشركين                                

 

Prevail يسود                                                

 

Striking example مثال واضح                        

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vocabulary

  • Explain (v.) To give the meaning of something, make something clear by speaking or writing.
  • Explanation (n.) an act of explaining.
  • Tell (v.) to make something known in words to someone, express in words.
  • Holy (adj.) connected with God and religion.
  • Message (n.) a spoken or written piece of information passed from one person to another.
  • Believe (v.) to consider to be true or honest.
  • Creator (n.) a person who creates.
  • Create (v.) to cause something new, produce something new.
  • Universe (n.) all space and the matter which exists in it.
  • Apostle (n.) a man who believes that he is directed by God’s will and to lead or teach a religion.
  • Direct (v.) to tell someone the way to a place to control and be in charge of (the way something is done).
  • Path (n.) way.
  • Beneficial (adj.) having a good effect.
  • Determine the reward (v.) fix a recompense for service.
  • Punishment (n.) the act of punishing or condition of being punished.
  • Punish (v.) to cause someone to suffer for a fault or crime.
  • Eternal (adj.) going on for ever without beginning or end.
  • Life (n.) the state of being alive. The period between someone’s birth and death.
  • Death (n.) the end of someone’s life.
  • Righteous (adj.) doing what is lawful and morally.
  • Influence (v.) have an effect on.
  • Various (adj.) have an effect on.
  • Aspect (n.)a particular side of a many-sided state of affairs, idea, plan.
  • Spiritual (adj.) non-material, of the nature of spirit.
  • Social (adj.) of or concerning human society or its organization.
  • Moral (adj.)concerning or based on the difference between right and wrong or good and evil.
  • Economic (adj.) connected with trade, industry, and wealth, of or concerning Economics.
  • Demand (v.) to claim as if by right, ask for something very strongly.
  • Qualities (n.) a high degree of goodness . something typical of a person or material.
  • Truthful (adj.) a statement of true. Of a person who habitually tells the truth.
  • Virtuous (adj.) possessing, showing or practicing virtue.
  • Modest (adj.) having or expressing a lower opinion than is probably deserved of one’s own abilities.
  • Courteous (adj.) polite and kind marked by good manners and respect for others.
  • Compassionate (adj.) showing pity.
  • Relation (n.) a member of one’s family.
  • Neighbor (n.) person living near another.
  • Mankind (n.) the human race both men and women.
  • Stick to what is right (v.) remain loyal.
  • Avoid (v.) keep away from.
  • Thought (n.) way of thinking.
  • Behavior (n.) way of behaving.
  • Cherish (v.) care for.
  • Wholesome (adj.) healthy, good for the mind or character.
  • Indecent (adj.) improper.
  • Truth (n.) that which is true, the quality of being true.
  • Virtue (n.) goodness, nobleness, and worth of character.
  • Goal (n.) object of efforts or ambitions, aim.
  • Arrogance (n.) pride and self-importance.
  • Vanity (n.) conceit, high opinion of oneself.
  • Harshness (n.) lack of kindness.
  • Indifference (n.) absence of interest or feeling.
  • Displeasing (adj.) making God angry.
  • Satisfy (v.) to make someone happy, please. To be or give enough for , fulfil.
  • Requirements (n.) something needed or demanded.
  • Welfare (n.) well-being, comfort and good health.
  • Needy (adj.) poor, in need of food, clothing.
  • Afford (v.) to have enough money to pay for something.
  • Purify (v.) to remove dirty or unwanted parts from something.
  • Oneness of God (n.) being one only.
  • Witness (v.) see.
  • Fast (v.) the act of staying without food, for religious purposes.
  • Pilgrimage (n.) a journey made to visit a holy place as an act of religious love and respect.
  • Encourage (v.) give the confidence to do something. To try to persuade someone to do something especially by making them more confident.
  • Support himself (v.) provide money for himself to live on.
  • Honest (adj.) someone who is honest doesn’t lie, cheat, or steal. Sincere and telling the true facts about something.
  • Respect (v.) treat with consideration.
  • Earn (v.) to get money by working. To get something that you deserve.
  • Private (adj.) for use by only one person or group not for everyone.
  • Public (adj.) relating to all the ordinary people in a country or area. Provided or available for ordinary people.
  • Property (n.) something that someone owns. Land or building.
  • Manage (v.) to succeed in doing something difficult.
  • Freely (adv.) without anyone trying to control you or prevent you doing something.
  • Pay (v.) to give someone money for something that you are buying from them, for work they have done.
  • Usury (n.) the practice of lending money to be paid back at a high rate of interest.
  • Exploitation (n.) unfair use of another person for one’s own profit.
  • Prohibit (v.) forbid by law or rule.
  • Exemplary (adj.) behave in away that other people should follow.
  • Thoughtful (adj.) serious and quiet because you are thinking about something. Kind and always thinking of things you can do to make other people happy. Thoughtfulness (n.)
  • Community (n.) a small area or town and the people who live in it. A group of people with the same nationality, religion, or interests.
  • Religion (n.) a belief in one or more goals or a particular system of belief in God.
  • Embrace (v.) include
  • Human beings (n.) a man, woman, or child.
  • Encourage (v.) to try to persuade someone to do something especially by making them more confident.
  • Power (n.) control over people or events. The legal right or authority to do something.
  • Supreme (adj.) greatest.
  • Dishonourable (adj.) shameful.
  • Contemplation (n.) the act of thinking deeply and quietly, meditation.
  • Firm belief (n.) solid or hard feeling, faith.
  • Piety (n.) respect for God and religion. Devotion to God.
  • Creation (n.)something new that someone makes especially using their imagination or skill.
  • Creation (n.) when God made the universe and everything in it.
  • Nation (n.) a country and its people.
  • Virtue (n.) an advantage that makes something better or more useful than other things.
  • Duty (n.) something that you have to do because it is right or it is part of your job.
  • Conscientious (adj.) showing o lot of care and attention.
  • Prosperity (n.) when people have money and everything they need for a good life.
  • Unparalleled (adj.) incomparable.
  • Heathen (n.) pagan, person not knowing the true God.
  • Ideal (adj.) perfect.
  • Behavior (n.) the way that a person or animal behaves.
  • Limited (adj.) not much or not many.
  • Oppression (n.) the condition of being oppressed.
  • Striking example (n.) example attracting attention.
  • Embrace (v.) to put your arms around someone and hold them in a loving way. To eagerly accept an ideam opinion , religion.
  • Towards (prep.) moving , facing, or pointing in a particular direction.
  • Miraculous (adj.) very lucky and completely unexpected.
  • Lead to (v.) to cause something to happen.
  • Supreme (adj.) having the highest position of power or importance.
  • Rank (n.) the level of importance that someone has in an organization such as the army or police or in society.
  • Equality (n.) the state of being equal.
  • Dignity (n.) true worth and nobleness of character. Calm, formal, and grand behavior.
  • Honour (n.) great respect, often publicly expressed. High standard of character that cause one to be respected by others.
  • Origin (n.) a starting point. Parents and conditions of early life.
  • Wealth (n.) a large amount of money and possessions.
  • Brotherhood (n.) the quality or state of being brothers.
  • Attitudes (n.) a way of feeling, thinking, or behaving.
  • Establish (v.) to set up an organization. To find out or make certain of a fact or answer.
  • Emigrate (v.) to leave one’s own country in order to go and live in another.

 

 

Questions and answers

1-What does a Muslim believe?

a) A Muslim believes that Allah is the creator of the universe and that Mohammed is the last of his apostles.

b) A Muslim believes in all the prophets and that their messages direct man along the right path which is beneficial to him both in this life and in the life hereafter.

 

2-What is the last holy messages?

Islam.

 

3-What is the benefit of the holy message?

The holy messages direct man along the right path which is beneficial to him both in this life and in life hereafter.

 

4-What determine the reward or punishment?

Whatever man does in this world will determine the reward or punishment he will have in the eternal life after death.

 

5-How should a Muslim be?

a) A Muslim should be truthful, virtuous, modest, courteous and compassionate.

b) A Muslim should be kind to his relations, his neighbours, his Muslim brothers and mankind.

 

6-What should a Muslim stick and avoid?

a) A Muslim should stick to what is right and avoid what is wrong.

b) He should cherish what is beautiful and wholesome and avoid what is indecent.

 

7-What are the goals of Muslim?

Truth and virtue are Muslim’s goals.

 

8-Arrogance , vanity, harshness, selfishness and indifference are distasteful, offensive, and displeasing to God. (Complete)

 

9-What are the five pillars of Islam?

1)Bear witness to the oneness of God and that Mohammad is His messenger.

2)Observe the daily prayers.

3)Pay the zakat, which is spent on the needy and on the welfare of the Muslims.

4)Keep the fast of the month of Ramadan.

5)Make a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in his lifetime , if he can afford it.

 

10-What are the aims of the pillars of Islam?

The aim is to purify the Muslim’s soul and make him at peace with God with himself and with his fellow men.

 

11- What does Islam encourage the Muslim to do?

Islam encourages the Muslim to work.

 

12- Why does Islam encourage the Muslim to work?

Islam encourages the Muslim to work so as to support himself and his family.

 

13- Work is both a duty and a virtue.   (Complete)

 

14- Why is a conscientious worker rewarded?

Because he is God’s agent in achieving prosperity and a comfortable life for himself and his fellow men.

 

15- Usury and exploitation are dishonourable acts and prohibited.       (Complete)

 

16- How does Islam judge usury and exploitation?

They are dishonourable acts and they’re prohibited.

17- What are the benefits of Zakat?

Zakat and giving alms to the needy purifies the earnings and promotes a feeling of love in the Muslim community.

 

18-How should a Muslim be?

A Muslim should be exemplary in his social behavior and should play his part in promoting the common good.

 

19- What should a Muslim’s thoughtfulness embrace?

The Muslim’s thoughtfulness towards other members of the community shouldn’t be limited to those of his own religion but embrace human beings at large.

 

20- What is a Muslim asked to do?

a)A Muslim is asked to learn and help others to learn.

b) He should read the Quran and be instructed by it.

 

21-What does Islam encourage Muslims to witness?

Islam encourages the Muslims to witness God’s supreme power in the miraculous creation of this universe.

 

22- What does contemplation lead to?

Contemplation leads the Muslims to have a firm belief in Allah and to learn more of the aspects of his supreme power.

 

23-All people are equal in Islam. (complete)

               

24-All the nations make up one big family whose father and mother Adam and Eve.   (complete)

 

25- colour, wealth, origin or rank do not make one person superior to another.     (complete)

 

26- What makes one person superior to another?

Piety.

27- What is the benefit of equality?

The spirit of equality has given the good Muslim a feeling of dignity and honour which is unparalleled in other communities.

 

28- Give an example for Muslim’s brotherhood.

  1. The most striking example of true brotherhood was when prophet Mohammed emigrated with his Meccan followers to Medina.
  2. The Muslims of Medina asking their immigrating Muslim brothers to share with them their wealth and property.

 

29- Why did prophet Muhammed and his followers immigrate?

They immigrated away from the oppression of the heathens of Mecca.

 

30- What did the new community base on?

The new community based on brotherly love and totally unselfish attitudes.

 

31- The new community established in Medina was an ideal community based on brotherly love and totally unselfish attitudes.            (complete)