Unit 12 People at work

 

Job وظيفة                                                  

Work عمل                                                 

Careerمهنه                                               

Teacher مدرس                                          

Baker خباز                                               

Policeman رجل شرطة                                 

Engineer مهندس                                         

Pilot طيار                                                  

Flight attendant مضيفة                               

Passenger مسافر                                        

Doctor طبيب                                             

Dentist طبيب أسنان                                      

Carpenter نجار                                          

Firemanرجل مطافئ                                     

Cleanerعامل نظافة                                       

Vet طبيب بيطري                                         

Internetانترنت                                           

Hours of workساعات العمل                          

Allover the world في جميع أنحاء العالم             

Holiday أجازة                                             

Weekend نهاية الأسبوع                                  

National قومي                                           

Discussيناقش                                              

International دولي                                      

Guard حارس                                             

Advertisement اعلان                                  

The Middle East الشرق الأوسط                       

Qualifications مؤهلات                                  

Skills مهارات                                                

Apply for يتقدم لـ                                           

Improve يتحسن                                           

Translate يترجم                                          

Translation ترجمة                                       

Interview مقابلة                                           

Interviewer محاور                                       

Company شركة                                          

Modern حديث                                           

Ancient قديم                                               

Reasonسبب                                               

Foreign أجنبي                                              

Language لغة                                            

e-mailبريد الكتروني                                       

Enjoy يستمتع                                                

Customer زبون                                           

Client عميل                                                

Educationتعليم                                           

Payيدفع                                                      

Serveيخدم                                                 

Vocabulary

·       Job (n.) regular paid employment.

·       Work (n.) activity which uses effort especially with a special purpose, not for amusement.

·       Career (n.) a job or profession for which one is trained and which one intends to follow for the whole of one’s life.

·       Teacher (n.) a person who teaches especially as a profession.

·       Baker (n.) a person who bakes bread and cakes especially professionally.

·       Policeman = police officer (n.) a male member of a police force.

·       Engineer (n.) a person who plans and understands the making of machines, roads , bridges, harbours.

·       Pilot (n.) a person who flies an aircraft.

·       Flight attendant (n.) a woman who looks after the comfort and safety of the passengers in an aircraft.

·       Passenger (n.) a person , not the driver travelling in a public or private vehicle.

·       Doctor (n.) a person whose profession is to attend to and treat sick people.

·       Dentist (n.) a person professionally trained to treat the teeth.

·       Carpenter (n.) a person who is skilled at making and repairing wooden objects.

·       Fireman (n.)a person whose job is putting out fires.

·       Cleaner (n.) a person whose job is cleaning offices, houses.

·       Vet (n.) a trained animal doctor.

·       Holiday (n.) a time of rest from work.

·       National (adj.) concerning or belonging to a nation.

·       Nation (n.) a large group of people living in one area and usually having an independent government.

·       International (adj.) concerning more than one nation.

·       Guard (n.) a state of watchful readiness to protect or defend. A person especially a soldier , policeman who guards someone or something.

·       Advertisement (n.) a notice  of something for sale, job to be filled, room to rent as in a newspaper, on TV, or posted on wall.

·       Qualifications (n.) a proof that one has gained a certain degree of knowledge or completed a course of training in a particular field.

·       Skill (n.) practical knowledge and power, an ability to do something wall.

·       Apply for (v.) to request something especially in writing.

·       Improve (v.) to cause to become better.

·       Translate (v.) to change speech or writing from one language into another. Translation (n.)

·       Interview (n.) a meeting where a person is asked questions to decide whether he/she can take up a job or to find out about his/ her opinion. Interviewer(n.)

·       Company (n.) a group of people combined together for business, trade, artistic purposes.

·       Modern (adj.) of the present time, or of the not for distant past, not ancient.

·       Ancient (adj.) in or of times long ago.

·       Reason (n.) the cause of an event.

·       Foreign (adj.) of a country or a nation that isn’t one’s own.

·       Language (n.) the system of human expression by means of words in speech or writing.

·       Customer (n.) a person who buys goods or services from a shop especially regularly.

·       Client (n.) a person who pays a professional person especially a lawyer for help and advice.

·       Education (n.) teaching or the training of mind and character.

·       Letter (n.) a written or printed message sent usually in an envelope.

·       Enjoy (v.) to get happiness from.

·       Discuss (v.) to talk about with someone from several points of view especially formally.

·       Pay (v.) to give money to someone in return for goods bought, workdone.

 

Listening

Listen to the speakers then decide whether these sentences are true or false:

 

a      The baker gets up at three o’clock in the morning.

b       After he has finished making bread , he makes cakes.

c       The cleaner only works in the evenings.

d      She cleans and tidies peoples’ desks.

e      The fireman spends a lot of time at road accidents.

f       The flight attendant enjoys staying in hotels in other countries.

g      The carpenter started work at the age of thirteen.

h      He learnt everything he knows from his grandfather.

 


 

Reading

Read, complete and answer:

Read this magazine interview.

a) Complete the interviewer’s questions.

 

Samira: (Name of the company) who do you work for?

Leila: One world Travel. It’s one of the biggest travel companies in the country.

Samira: (Reason for wanting job) Why ………………………………………………………….?

Leila: I applied for the job there because I wanted to work for a modern company that works with foreign companies. The company also said they would train me.

Samira: (Qualifications) What………………………………………………………….?

Leila: I had to have the Secondary Education Certificate. I also had to speak and write English.

Samira: (Training) What ………………………………………………………?

Leila: Before I started, the company sent me on a language course to improve my English and to learn translate Arabic into English and English into Arabic. I was also taught to use the internet.

Samira: (Hours of work) How many ……………………………………………..?

Leila: I work eight hours a day, six days a week, starting on Saturday and finishing on Thursday.

Samira:   (Holiday) How much ………………………………………………..?

Leila: I have three weeks’ holiday a year, and I have all the national holidays.

Samira:   (Work at first) What ………………………………………………………….?

Leila: When I started, I spent a week finding out what other people in the company did.

Samira: (Work now) What………………………………………………………….?

Leila: Now I write letters and e-mails and I answer telephone calls from other countries. Sometimes I also translate letters from English into Arabic.

Samira: (Like) Do ………………………………………………………?

Leila: Yes, I really enjoy my job. I enjoy meeting and talking to customers from all over the world.

Samira: (Hours of work) How many ……………………………………………..?

Leila: I work eight hours a day, six days a week, starting on Saturday and finishing on Thursday.

 

b) Read the interview again and answer these questions:

1-How many hours a week does she work?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

2-Why did Leila apply for this job?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

3-Does she have to work on 6th October?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

4-What did she do when she started this job?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

5- What does she do now?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

 

 

Grammar

 

Reported Speech

·        Statement

·        Question (yes/No, Wh-)

·        Imperative (affirmative, negative)

 

Statements

When transforming statements, check whether you have to change:

·        pronouns

·        present tense verbs (3rd person singular)

·        place and time expressions

·        tenses (backshift)

 

·        تتغير كلمة said to على حسب نوع الجملة بين القوسين.

·        اذا كانت saidفقط بدون toلا تتغير و تبقى كما هي.

·        وكذلك say toأو says to  تتغير أما say  أو saysتبقى  كما هي.

·        وتتغير الأزمنه في حالة said to  أو saidكما يلي

 

 

Direct Speech

Reported Speech

Simple Present

Simple Past

Present Progressive

Past Progressive

Simple Past

Past Perfect Simple

Present Perfect Simple

Past Perfect Simple

Past Progressive

Past Perfect Progressive

Present Perfect Progressive

Past Perfect Progressive

Future I (going to)

was / were going to

Future I (will)

Conditional I (would)

Conditional I (would)

 

Direct Speech

Reported Speech

today

that day

now

then

yesterday

the day before

… days ago

… days before

last week

the week before

next year

the following year

tomorrow

the next day / the following day

here

there

this

that

these

those

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

·        في حالة الجملة الخبرية يتم تحويل said toإلى toldو يتم حذف “ “ ,و يتم الربط بـ that

·        He said to me ,” I shall visit you tomorrow.”

·        He told me that he should visit me the next day.

·        The boy said ,” I went to the cinema yesterday.’

·        The boy said that he had gone to the cinema the day before.

 

Imperative / order / command

·        في حالة الجملة الأمرية يتم تحويل said to  إلى ordered, begged, advised, askedطبقاً لمعنى الجملة

·        يتم حذف “ “,و نربط بـto فى حالة الجملةaffirmative  المثبته وفي حالة الجملة negativeالمنفية نربط بـnot to

·        The master said to the servant,” Shut the door.”

·        The master ordered the servant to shut the door.

·        The poor boy said to the gentleman,” please, give me a piaster.”

·        The poor boy begged the gentleman to give him a piaster.

·        The doctor said to the patient ,”Don’t eat too much.”

·        The doctor advised the patient not to eat too much.

 

Question

·        في حالة السؤال يتم تحويل said to  إلى wanted to know, inquired, askedطبقاً لمعنى الجملة

·        يتم حذف “ “,و نربط بـif/ whetherإذا كان السؤال Yes/ No

·         يتم حذف “ “,و نربط بـأداة الاستفهام إذا كان السؤال Wh-question

·        نحول صيغة الاستفهام إلى صيغة الجملة الخبرية

·        I said to my friend,”Where are you going?”

·        I asked my friend where he was going.

·        The teacher said to the pupil ,”Have you done his exercise?”

·        The teacher asked the pupil if he had done his exercise.

·        I said to him,” How much did you pay for your bike?”

·        I asked him how much he had paid for his bike.

 

 

·        Rewrite the sentences in reported speech

1.     The boy said to his friend ,”We must hurry or we shall miss the train.”

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

2.     She said ,”No thing in my life has affected me more than the events of today.”

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

3.     They said, "We are busy."

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

4.     The pupil said to the teacher,” I have lost my book. I shall buy another one.”

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

5.     He said, "I know a better restaurant."

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

6.     She said, "I woke up early."

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

7.     He said, "I will ring her."

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

8.     They said, "We have just arrived."

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

9.     Hassan said to his servant,” Get out of the room.”

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

10.                        He said, "I will clean the car."

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

11.                        She said, "I did not say that."

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

12.                        The stranger said to the passer-by, “ Tell me the best way to Heliopolis.”

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

13.                        She said, "I don't know where my shoes are."

      ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

14.                        He said: "I won't tell anyone."

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

15.                        He said, ”Yes, I shall go with you.”

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

16.                        She said, "I am reading."

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

17.                        He said ,”No, I shall not obey you orders.”

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

 

 

18.                        I said to the man ,” Does this bird sing sweetly?”

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

19.                        They said, "This is our book."

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

20.                        My brother said to me,” Can you lend me your mobile?”

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

21.                        She said, "I went to the cinema yesterday."

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

22.                        He said to me,’ How long will you stay in this town?”

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

23.                        He said, "I am writing a test tomorrow."

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

24.                        You said, "I will do this for him."

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

25.                        She said, "I am not hungry now."

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

26.                        They said, "We have never been here before."

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

27.                        They said, "We were in London last week."

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

28.                        He said, "I will have finished this paper by tomorrow."

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

29.                        She said, "It is very quiet here."

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

30.                        The father said to his son,”Where are you going? Have you spent all your money?”

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

 

 

Speaking

 

You are going to prepare for a job interview. You can use these questions:

Imagine that (You are a teacher)

1-where are you from?

2-Where do you teach?

3-Why do you choose to work as a teacher?

4-How many hours do you work a week?

5-Would you like to go to another country to teach your language? Why/ Why not?

6-What do you like about your job?

7-What would you like to do in the future?


 

Writing

Write a paragraph about you future job. (at least  ten sentences)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………