Chapter 3 : The Pre- Islamic Society

Societyمجتمع                                                   

Pre-Islamic قبل الاسلام                                      

The change التغيير                                           

Take placeيحدث                                              

Result of نتيجة                                                

Unusual غير عادي                                            

Usualعادي                                                        

Known forمعروف بـ                                        

Integrityأمانة/ صدق                                          

Reply- repliedيرد                                           

Addressيدعو                                                    

Prophetنبي                                                      

Lead- ledيقود                                                   

The right path الطريق المستقيم                           

Overwhelming majorityالغالبية العظمى             

Rejectيرفض                                                    

Claimدعوة                                                      

Reasonسبب                                                   

Honestصادق- أمين                                           

Truthful حق                                                    

Acceptيقبل                                                     

Messageرسالة                                                     proverb حكمة- مثل                                          

Plightمحنه                                                      

Neverthelessبالرغم/ مع هذا                              

Generationجيل                                               

Revolutionثورة                                               

Throughoutخلال                                             The Middle eastالشرق الأوسط                        

Mankindالبشرية                                              

Limitedمحدد                                                   

Periodفترة                                                     

Timeوقت                                                       

Strangeغريب                                                 

Materializedيتحقق                                          

Revolutionizeتغيير ثوري                               

Blood thirstyمتعطش للدماء                                

Tribal feudsنزاعات قبلية                                   

Botherيضايق                                                    

Import يستورد                                                  

Exportيصدر                                                     

Closed circleدائرة مغلقة                                    

Trendsاتجاهات                                                  

Tribeقبيلة                                                        

National identity الهوية القومية                         

Comprisingشامل                                             

Centre round مرتكز على                                  

Insteadبدلاً من                                                 

Divide intoمقسم الى                                         

Independent entity كينونة مستقلة                       

Commonمعروف / منتشر                                  

Lootingالسلب و النهب                                       

Practice ممارسة                                              

Tribal attack هجوم قبلي                                   

Creatينشئ/ يخلق                                             

Situationموقف                                                

Lastيدوم                                                          

Historical recordsسجلات تاريخية                     

Bloody feudsنزاعات دموية                               

Adventقدوم                                                      

Victorious منتصر                                           

Rightحق                                                        

Enslaveيستعبد                                                 

Slaveعبد                                                          

Captureيأسر                                                   

Defeatيهزم                                                     

Defeated                      مهزوم                             

Slave dealersتجار الرقيق                                  

Supremeعالي / مسيطر                                      

Flourishing marketسوق مزدهر                        

Lawقانون                                                        

Sole possessorالمالك/ المسيطر الوحيد                 

Includingشامل على                                          

Controlسيطرة                                                

Entitledيعطي الحق                                          

Affordيقدر مالياً                                      

Superstitionخرافة                                             

Rampantمنتشر                                                 

Mannerسلوك                                                  

Privilegedمحظوظ/ مميز                                   

Unprivilegedغير محظوظ/ غير مميز                   

Diseaseمرض                                                 

Causesاسباب                                                 

 Cruel قاسي                                                     

Selfish انانى                                                    

Humble متواضع                                             

Craftsmanحرفي                                            

Serve يخدم                                                     

Thankfulشاكر                                                 

Shepherdراعي                                               

Servant خادم                                                  

Slaveعبد                                                        

Slavery عبودية                                                

Tribal feudsنزاعات قبلية                                 

Inequality غير متساوي / عدم المساواة                

Ignoranceتجاهل/ جاهلية                                  

Spreadينتشر                                                  

Attack هجوم/ يهاجم                                          

Counter- attack هجوم مضاد                            

Positive ايجابي                                               

 Negativeسلبي                                             

 Elements عناصر /صفات/ سمات                      

Eradicate يقضي على                                      

Advent of Islam قدوم الاسلام                         

Traits صفات                                                  

Herd القطيع                                                     

Extensive واسع المدى                                     

Scanty نادر                                                   

Heritage ميراث                                             

Wander يتجول                                               

Wonder يتعجب                                              

Physical power القدرة البدنية                           

Miserly بائسة                                                

Bravery شجاعه                                              

Hostile معادي                                                

Reinforce يقوى                                              

Customsعادات                                                

 

 

Deep-rootedعميق الجذور                                  

Well-knownمعروف- مشهور                            

Cultureثقافة                                                    

Exceptionاستثناء                                             

Effectيؤثر                                                      

Affectتأثير                                                     

Establishedمؤسس                                          

Miraculousاعجازي                                        

Depthعمق                                                      

Conditionsظروف                                            

Al-Jahiliahالجاهلية                                          

Ignoranceتجاهل/ جهل                                      

Broad senseبكل معنى الكلمة                              

Beneficialمفيد                                               

Aspects of lifeجوانب الحياة                             

Outstandingبارز                                           

Civilizationحضارة                                        

Eraعصر/ فترة                                                   

Illiterateأمي                                                  

Effortمجهود                                                   

Educateيعلم                                                   

Educationيتعلم                                               

Surrounded byمحاط بـ                                   

Enrichيثري                                                    

Heritageتراث                                                 

Ancientقديم                                                     

Modernحديث                                                  

Persianفارسي                                                

In contact withعلى صلة بـ                               

Periodicallyمن فترة الى أخرى                           

Caravansقوافل                                                

Scarcelyنادراً                                                  

Stableمستقر                                                    

Inhabitantsسكان                                             

Bedouinsبدو                                                  

On the moveمرتحل                                       

Infantsأطفال                                                      

Maleذكر                                                           

Femaleأنثى                                                      

Grow up يكبر                                                  

Enemyعدو                                                      

Fighterمقاتل                                                   

Guardيحرس                                                   

Revengeينتقم / انتقام                                          

Againstضد                                                     

Attackيهاجم                                                    

Succeed in ينجح في                                         

Uselessبلا فائدة                                                

Burdenعبء                                                    

Extentمدى/ حد                                                

Buryingدفن                                                    

Buryيدفن                                                        

Innocentبرئ                                                 

Guiltyمذنب                                                    

Consideredيعتبر                                             

Thusلهذا السبب                                                

Terribleفظيع                                                  

Cruelقاس                                                        

Spare= avoidيتجنب                                         

Costيتكلف                                                      

Rearingتربية                                                  

Attemptsمحاولات                                            

Imaginary  خيالي                                           

Usefulمفيد                                                      

Considered يعتبر                                           

Sectorقطاع                                                      

Irresponsibleغير مسئول                                   

Supernatural forcesقوى خارقة للطبيعة                

Vicious  circleدائرة مفرغة                               

Tradeتجارة                                                      

Leisure Time وقت                                        

Gambled يقامر                                              

Engagedمشغول بـ                                           

Breeding animalsيربي الحيوانات                      

Licentiousاباحي                                                Sorcery الشعوذة                                           

Pretendيتظاهر                                               

Inflated senseاحساس زائد                               

Importance أهمية                                          

Limitحد                                                          

Freedomحرية                                                 

Manual work               اعمال يدوية                   

Boastful متباهي/ متفاخر                                   

Aggressiveعدواني                                          

Societyمجتمع                                                

Treat يعامل                                                      

Patientsمرضى                                               

Behaviour سلوك                                            

Behave يسلك                                                 

Beneath its dignityأقل من أن يليق بها                

Compose of يتكون من                                     

Ordersأوامر                                                   

Phobicخوف مرضي                                         

Depressedمحبط                                             

Submissive خاضع/ ذليل                                  

Primitiveبدائي                                               

Refuge  ملجأ                                                 

Hospitableمضياف                                        

Hospitality كرم الضيافة                                   

Attract يجذب                                                 

Courage شجاعه                                            

Survive يبقى على قيد الحياة                              

Necessity ضرورة                                         

Lurkيتربص                                                 

Environment بيئة                                         

Natural طبيعى                                              

Face يواجه                                                     

Exposeيتعرض                                              

Brave شجاع                                                  

Share يشارك/ يتقاسم                                        

Tents خيام                                                    

Sprang from نابع من                                    

Threaten يهدد                                              

Sheer مجرد                                                  

Defend يدافع                                                

Heart of the desert قلب الصحراء                   

The unknown المجهول                                

 

 

 

 

 

 

1- When did Muhammed (p.b.u.h) address the people of Mecca to Islam?

    In the year 610 A.D.

                                                           

2- What did the prophet (p.b.u.h) tell the Meccan?

    He told them that he was a prophet sent by Almighty God to lead them along the right path.

 

3- Who sent Muhammed (p.b.u.h)?

    Almighty God sent Muhammed(p.b.u.h).

 

4- Why did Almighty Allah send the prophet (p.b.u.h)?

    To lead the people along the right path.

 

5-What was the reaction of the Meccans?

    The overwhelming majority of the Meccan people rejected the prophet’s claim.

 

6-Why did the Meccans reject the prophet’s claim?

    However honest and truthful the prophet is, his countrymen would find it difficult to accept his        

    claim that he was chosen by God to deliver his message.

 

7-What is the plight of all prophets?

    The plight is there is no prophet in his own country. “Nul n’est prophete dans son pays”

 

8-What is the strange about the prophet’s claim?

    The strange about the claim that its change is it spread in a short time and deeply rooted also.

    It is well-established and has great effect.

 

9-What is “Al Jahiliah”? What does “ Al Jahiliah” mean?

    Al Jahiliah is the pre-Islamic period which means ignorance of what is beneficial to man in

    all aspects of life.

 

  10- Describe the Arabs of “Al Jahilia”.

       The Arabs of Al-Jahilia were illiterate people and made no effort to educate themselves

       or their children.

 

  11- What was the pre-Islamic Arabia surrounded by?

       The pre-Islamic Arabia was surrounded by the most outstanding civilizations that enriched

       man’s heritage.

 

  12- What were the civilizations?

        To the west the ancient Egyptians civilization .To the east the Persian. To the north, the Roman.   

        To the south Yemen.

 

 

 

 13- How were the Arabs in contact with the countries?

         They sent caravans to the countries periodically.

 

   14- Why were the Arabs scarcely affected by the surrounding cultures?

         Because the pre-Islamic society was not stable. Most of the inhabitants were Bedouins who  

         were always on the move. Also, their blood thirsty tribal feuds kept them too busy to bother

        about importing any useful trends from  outside their closed circle.

 

   15- What did the pre-Islam Arab society center round?

        The tribe.

 

   16- What was the common practice in Pre-Islamic Arabia?

         Tribal feuds and looting.

 

   17- What was the right of the victorious tribe?

         The victorious tribe had the right to enslave whoever was captured from the defeated tribe.

 

   18- Why were male infants more welcome than females?

        Because the male infant would grow up to be a fighter who would guard the tribe against its

        enemies and take revenge on them if they succeeded in attacking his own tribe.

 

    19- Why did the cruel fathers bury their female infant alive?

         a) to spare themselves the trouble and the cost of rearing a female child.

         b) because in later years they bring shame upon the family if her behaviour was irresponsible.

 

    20- How was the pre- Islamic Arabs spend their time?

        a) fighting                  b) looting                    c) breeding camels and sheep

       d) in trade                   e) drank alcohol          f) gambled         g) behaved in a licentious manner.

 

    21- Why did people resort to sorcery?

          For cures from disease.

 

    22- How did sorcery treat them?

        The sorcers gave imaginary causes for diseases and pretend to make use of supernatural forces in their attempts to treat their patients.

 

 23- Describe the privileged sector .

     The privileged sector was :1- aggressive    2- boastful        3- cruel          4- selfish 

     5- it had an inflated sense of its own importance.

     6- wouldn’t accept any limit to its freedom of action except tradition.

     7- it was there to fight , give orders, and be served.       

     8- the manual work was considered beneath  its dignity.

 

24- Describe the unprivileged sector .

   1-It was composed of servants and slaves.                   2- It was submissive.     

   3- depressed                                4- phobic

     5- It did the work of the shepherd and the humble craftsman.

     6- It was there to serve and be thanked.

 

25- What were the positive elements of the pre-Islamic society?

      Bravery and hospitality.

 

26- Why did the Bedouins light fires outside their tents at night?

     To attract those that were in need of refuge and help.

 

27- the bloody feuds between El- Aws and El- Khazraj lasted a hundred years till the advent of Islam.

 

28- The pre- Islamic Arab society centered round the tribe. There was no national identity comprising all the Arabs.

 

29- The Arabs were divided into many tribes each of which had its independent identity.

 

30 – The slavery was common in Arabia.

 

31- The looting was a common practice in the pre- Islamic Arabia.

 

32- The man was the supreme master inside the family. He was the sole possessor of every thing.

 

33-  Hospitality was a common heritage in a society.

 

34- The desert played an important part in forming the traits.

 

35- The hospitality was a necessity in the extensive desert where death lurked round every corner threatening the ever wandering Bedouins .

 

36- The fittest who survived in the desert.

 

37- Life in the desert managing by sheer physical power.

 

38- tradition is the only limit to the freedom of action.

 

39- sorcery and superstition were rampant in the pre- Islamic society.

 

40- the society was divided into privileged and unprivileged sectors.

 

41- Islameradicate the negative elements and reinforce the positive ones.