Second Term

Chapter 5 : Attacks Against Islam

 

 

Attacks هجمات                                                

Against ضد                                                    

Absorbedمنهمك                                               

Author مؤلف                                                  

Consider يعتبر                                                 Prophet نبي                                                   

Influential مؤثر                                               Unparalleled غير متوازن                                 

Combination مزيج                                         

Secular علماني                                                 Religious ديني                                                

Single بمفرده                                                   

Deep-rooted عميق الجذور                                 

Influence تأثير                                                

Certainly بالتأكيد                                              

Change تغيير                                                  

Ignorant جاهل                                                

Ignorance جهل                                               

Backward تخلف                                             

Pre-Islamic قبل الاسلام                                    

Progress تقدم                                                  

Leap and bounds بخطى سريعة                         

Follow يتبع                                                      

Massive هائل                                                   

Religion دين                                                   

Human بشر                                                    

Judaism اليهودية                                                

Christianity المسيحية                                        

Islam الاسلام                                                    

Civilization حضارة                                          

Entitle يلقب                                                      

In the wake of في أعقاب                                  

 

 

The Middle Ages العصور الوسطى                     

Advent of Islam قدوم الاسلام                             

Deplorable مؤسف                                            

Conditions ظروف                                            

Doctrine عقيدة                                                  

Opportunity فرصة                                           

Compilation تجميع                                           

Article مقالة صحفية                                          

Convert to Islam يتحول الى الدين الاسلامي          

False ideas أفكار خاطئة                                     

Properly بشكل صحيح                                        

Launch يشن                                                     

Affect يؤثر                                                      

Effect تأثير                                                      

Fanatic تعصب                                                 

Principles مبادئ                                              

Faith إيمان                                                       

Oppose يعارض                                                

Seal غشاوة                                                       

Veil غشاوة/ حجاب                                              

Keen to يرغب في                                             

Choice اختيار                                                   

Convince اقتناع                                                

Truth حقيقة                                                       

Direct مباشر                                                     

Indirect غير مباشر                                              

Suggest يقترح                                                  

Focus بؤرة / مركز                                            

Western غربي                                                 

Eastern شرقي                                                   

Hemisphere نصف الكرة الأرضية                        

Problems مشاكل                                            

Surrounding محيط بـ                                      

Circumstances ظروف                                    

Unfavourableغير مفضلة                                 

 

Introduction مقدمة                                           

 

 

 

 

 

 

During أثناء                                                  

Reside يسكن                                                 

Remote نائي/ بعيد                                          

Areasمناطق                                                   

Face يواجه                                                    

Complex معقد                                                

Innocent برئ                                                

Guilty مذنب                                                   

Duty واجب                                                     

Practice ممارسة                                               

Promise يوعد                                                 

 

 

 

Favourable مفضلة                                          

Comments تعليقات                                          

Articles مقالات                                                

Magazineمجلة                                                

Motion pictures أفلام سينمائية                           

Misrepresent يشوه صورة                                 

Caliphs خلفاء                                                   

Quran قراّن                                                     

Hadith حديث                                                 Discuss يناقش                                                 

Items عناصر                                                   

  

 

 

1)What was the book which Ahmed read and who was the author?

    The book was “The 100”. The author was “Michael Hart”.

2)How does the author consider prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h)?

    The author considers prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) the most influential person in the history

    of the world.

 

3)What happened to pre-Islamic Arabs after they followed Islam?

    The ignorant and backward pre-Islamic Arabs progressed by leaps and pounds  after they      

    followed Islam.

 

4)What did Islam cause wherever spread?

   It spread a deep rooted and cultural change.

 

5)What does dynamic Islam mean?

   It has spread far and wide throughout the ages and wherever it spread. It still spread in spite of the present deplorable condition of the Muslims.

 

6)What happened to the language?

   The language of some countries changed and Arabic, the language of the Quran, became the national tongue of their people.

 

7)What did western people have false ideas about Islam?

   Because of the false attacks launched against Islam.

 

8)Why did western people have false ideas about Islam?

    Because of the false attacks launched against Islam.

 

9)Who attacked Islam?

   1- Those whose material well-being would be affected.

   2- Those who were too fantastic to understand its true principles.

   3- Those who oppose Islam because it has a false idea about it.

 

10)Why does the third group have false idea about Islam?

     Because this group hasn’t got the means or the chance to know what Islam really is.  They         

     are ready to listen and be convinced.

 

11)What are the duty of Muslims who live in non-Islamic countries?

   1- They read as much as they can about Islam.

   2- They try to be good Muslims themselves.

   3- Read about the history of the prophet and the great caliphs to see how Islam was put                      into practice.

Chapter 4 : The Change Effected by Islam

 

Change تغير                                                   

Take place يحدث                                            

Result نتيجة                                                    

Prophet نبي                                                    

Islamic society المجتمع الاسلامي                       

Reply-replied  يرد                                            

Mission بعثة/ مهمة                                           

Native town مدينته الأصلية                                

The heathens المشركين                                     

Concentrate on يركز على                                

Followers الصحابة/ التابعيين                               

Face يواجه                                                      

Conviction اقتناع/ إيمان                                    

Deep root   عميق الجذور                                   

Personality شخصية                                          

Courage شجاعة                                               

Endurance القدرة على التحمل                              

Oppose يعارض                                               

Slave عبد                                                        

Slavery عبودية                                                 

Master سيد                                                     

Dissuade  يثنيه عن عقيدته                                   

In vain بلا جدوى                                              

Endure يتحمل                                                 

Heat الحرارة                                                    

Pain الالم                                                          

Faltered يضعف                                               

Keep on يستمر                                                

Oppression اضطهاد                                         

Tie on يربط                                                    

Chestصدر                                                      

Layيرقد                                                          

Stoneحجر                                                      

Chained يسلسل                                               

Thirst العطش                                                   

Scorching محرقة                                             

Offer يعرض                                                    

Set freeيحرر                                                   

Accept يقبل                                                     

Refuse يرفض                                                  

Nip in the bud يقضي على الشيء في مهده             

Convertsالمتحولين إلى الدين الجديد                        

Religion دين                                                     

Pagans الوثنيين                                                  

Sacrifice يضحي                                               

Abounds زاخر بـ/ مليء بـ                                   

Wonder يتعجب                                                

Constant مستمر                                               

Spread انتشار                                                   

In spite of بالرغم من                                        

Efforts جهود                                                    

In contact with على صلة بـ                               

During أثناء                                                     

Instances أمثلة                                                 

Unshakeable  ثابت/ راسخ                                  

Shakableمهتز                                                  

Belief إيمان                                                      

Residents سكان/ مقيمين                                      

Manage يقدر على                                             

Convert to يتحول إلى                                        

Convince يقنع                                                  

Eventually نهائياً                                              

Throughout خلال                                             

Emigrate يهاجر                                               

Received يستلم                                                

Era عهد                                                           

Build up يؤسس                                               

Community مجتمع                                          

Lay يضع                                                         

Foundations أسس                                            

 

 

 

 

 

Believe يؤمن                                                   

Believersالمؤمنين                                             

Shouldered يتحمل المسئولية                               

Responsibility مسئولية                                     

Mosque مسجد                                                 

Take part يشارك                                              

Participate يشارك                                            

Centre مركز                                                    

Activities أنشطة                                              

As well as بالإضافة إلى                                    

Pray يصلي                                                      

Prayer صلاة                                                   

Astounding مذهل                                           

Tribal feuds النزاعات القبلية                               

Belligerent محب للحروب                                  

Tribes قبائل                                                     

Peace السلام                                                     

Brotherly love حب أخوي                                 

Banner of Islam لواء الاسلام                             

Al-Ansar = The helpersالأنصار                       

Al-Muhajereen = The immigrantsالمهاجرين     

Hand –in-hand يد في يد                                    

Emigration هجرة                                              

Birth ميلاد                                                        

Faith إيمان                                                         

Cornerstones أسس                                           

Nation أمة/ دولة                                                

Especially خصوصاً                                           

Anxious قلق                                                      

Ideal leader قائد مثالي                                        

Respect احترام                                                  

Human being  كائن بشري                                  

Outstanding بارز                                              

Virtues فضائل                                                   

Admire يعجب بـ                                                

Genuine أصيل                                                  

Practise يمارس                                                 

Practice ممارسة                                                

Preach يدعو/ يعظ                                               

Preacher الواعظ                                                 

Brotherhood الأخوة                                           

Cause سبب                                                      

Strength قوة                                                    

Cemented يقوي                                               

Inward داخلي                                                   

Outward خارجي                                               

Enable يمكن                                                     

Face يواجه                                                        

Troubles مشاكل                                                

Numerous عديد                                                 

Co-operation تعاون                                          

Jewish يهودي                                                    

Master سيد                                                       

Structure بناء                                                   

Freedom حرية                                                 

Ounces اوقية                                                     

Palm cuttings فسيلة                                          

Palm نخلة                                                         

Purchase يشتري                                                

Miserly بائس                                                    

Afford يتكلف مادياً                                             

Regainيستعيد                                                    

Distress محنة/ ضائقة                                         

Spare time وقت فراغ                                        

Wages أجور                                                    

Orchard بستان فاكهة                                         

Army جيش                                                      

Suggest يقترح                                                  

Tempest عاصفة                                                

Imitate يقلد                                                       

Worth mentioning جدير بالذكر                          

Dispersed يتشتت                                              

Humble متواضع                                               

Moat خندق                                                       

Status حالة                                                       

Dig يحفر                                                          

Illustrate يوضح                                                

Extent مدى                                                      

Prevailيسود                                                      

Obviouslyبوضوح                                            

Majorرئيسي                                                     

Minor فرعي                                                     

 

 

 

 

 

Enmity عداء                                                    

Ignorance جهل                                                

Knowledge معرفة                                            

Encourage يشجع                                              

Increase يزيد                                                   

Decrease ينقص                                                

Suitable مناسب                                                

Rankدرجة علمية                                                

Prisoner of war أسير                                        

Overcome يتغلب على                                        

Barriers عقبات                                                  

Progress تقدم                                                   

Limits حدود                                                     

Neglected مهمل                                               

Dignified كريمة                                               

Dignity كرامة                                                  

Virtuesفضائل                                                   

Virtuous ذو فضيلة                                             

Concern يشمل                                                  

Era عهد                                                            

Jurisprudence فقه                                            

Marriage زواج                                                

Inheritance ميراث                                            

Detailed مفصل                                                 

Selfish اناني                                                     

Unselfish غير أناني                                           

 

 

Comprising يشمل                                           

Ownership ملكية                                             

Law قانون                                                       

Generation جيل                                               

Marvelous رائع                                               

Worship يعبد                                                   

Miraculously بشكل اعجازي                              

Spirit روح                                                       

Conduct سلوك                                                 

Manage toيقدر/ ينجح في                                   

Position مكانه                                                  

Moral أخلاقي                                                    

Physical power قدرة بدنية                                 

Swimming سباحة                                             

Shooting رماية                                                 

Horse-riding ركوب الخيل                                  

Defenceدفاع                                                    

Quality صفة                                                    

Attack يهاجم                                                     

Outnumber عدد زائد                                         

Capture يأسر                                                   

Mention يذكر                                                  

Modest تواضع                                                  

A strong believer is better than a weak one.

المؤمن القوي خير من المؤمن الضعيف                       

 

 

 

 

1- Where did the prophet (p.b.u.h) start his mission?

    He started his mission in his native town of Mecca.

 

2- What was the reaction of people of Mecca?

    They opposed him.

 

3- What did the prophet (p.b.u.h) concentrate on?

    The prophet concentrated on building up the true Muslim personality of his followers.

 

4- Give examples of the deep rooted conviction.

    The story of Bilal.

 

5- What do you know about Bilal?

    He was a slave who believed in Islam. His master did everything possible to dissuade him

    but in vain.

 

6- How did his master punish him?

    He ordered to chain Bilal outside in the scorching summer sun with heavy stone tied to his chest.

 

7-What was Bilal’s reply on punishment?

    He lay for days enduring heat, thirst and pain but he never faltered. He kept on saying :

    ”Ahadun Ahad”.

 

8- Who is Abu Bakr?

    Abu bakr is the prophet’s friend and first follower.

 

9- What did pagans of Mecca wonder about?

    a)The great change that took place in those who followed Islam.

    b)converts had a new cause for which they were ready to sacrifice everything even their lives.

    c)The heathens wondered at the constant spread of the new religion in spite of their constant

       efforts to nip it in the bud.

 

10- Did the resident of Yathrib convert to Islam?

      Yes, they did.

 

11- What did they ask the prophet to?

      They asked him to send back with them a learned Muslim to teach them the Quran.

 

12- How did the people of Yathrib welcome the prophet?

      The prophet (p.b.u.h) received a great welcome.

 

 

 

13- What did the prophet (p.b.u.h) do in yathrib?

      In Yathrib the prophet (p.b.u.h) began to lay the foundations of a strong Muslim society. He made good use of Al-Muhajereen and Al-Ansar.

 

14- What was the first thing built by the Muslims?

      A mosque.

 

15- Who built the mosque?

      All Muslims took part in building it and the prophet himself participated.

 

16- Give an example to the change that took place in Medina after Islam.

     a)The change happened in Medina was converted to Islam  was astounding.

     b)The long tribal feuds that had taken place between its two belligerent tribes came to an end.

     c)Al-Aws and Al-Khazrag enjoyed peace and brotherly love under the banner of Islam.

 

17- What did Al-Muhajereen and Al-Ansar do in Medina?

      Al-Muhajereen and Al-Ansar worked hand in hand under the leadership of the prophet to

      establish the first Islamic society.

 

18- How did the emigration of the prophet affect in Islam?

      The emigration of the prophet to Medina marked the birth of a new era in the history of Islam.

 

19- What were the cornerstones of the emigrating nation?

      Strong faith and deep conviction.

 

20- What did the Muslims find in the prophet (p.b.u.h)?

     They found in the prophet an ideal leader for them to follow.

 

21- Why were the first Muslims lucky?

      The first Muslims were lucky enough to be living at the time of the prophet and to be his followers made them especially anxious to be good Muslims.

 

22- What strength the prophet belief?

      The prophet was strengthened by their love and respect for him as an ideal human being.

 

23- Describe the rapport between Muslims and prophet.

      The rapport between followers and leader was quite outstanding.

 

24- Why was the rapport outstanding?

      a)Because the virtues they admired in their leader were genuine.

      b)Because he practised what he preached.

 

25- What was the importance of the brotherly love?

      a)Brotherly love was another important cornerstone.

      b)The brotherly love was the cause of the society strength.

      c)It cemented the structure of the new society.

      d)It enabled the society to face inward and outward troubles.

26- Give an example for brotherly love and co-opration.

     The story of Salmen and his Jewish master.

 

27- Who was “Salman Al-Farisi”?

     Salman Al-Farisi was the slave of Jew and was one of the Medina people who were

     convereted to Islam.

 

28-What did Salman  ask his master to?

      Salman asked his master to give him his freedom and name the sum he wanted in return.

 

29- How much was the price of Salman’s freedom?

     40 ounces of gold and plant 300 palm cuttings in his orchard. 

Chapter 3 : The Pre- Islamic Society

Societyمجتمع                                                   

Pre-Islamic قبل الاسلام                                      

The change التغيير                                           

Take placeيحدث                                              

Result of نتيجة                                                

Unusual غير عادي                                            

Usualعادي                                                        

Known forمعروف بـ                                        

Integrityأمانة/ صدق                                          

Reply- repliedيرد                                           

Addressيدعو                                                    

Prophetنبي                                                      

Lead- ledيقود                                                   

The right path الطريق المستقيم                           

Overwhelming majorityالغالبية العظمى             

Rejectيرفض                                                    

Claimدعوة                                                      

Reasonسبب                                                   

Honestصادق- أمين                                           

Truthful حق                                                    

Acceptيقبل                                                     

Messageرسالة                                                     proverb حكمة- مثل                                          

Plightمحنه                                                      

Neverthelessبالرغم/ مع هذا                              

Generationجيل                                               

Revolutionثورة                                               

Throughoutخلال                                             The Middle eastالشرق الأوسط                        

Mankindالبشرية                                              

Limitedمحدد                                                   

Periodفترة                                                     

Timeوقت                                                       

Strangeغريب                                                 

Materializedيتحقق                                          

Revolutionizeتغيير ثوري                               

Blood thirstyمتعطش للدماء                                

Tribal feudsنزاعات قبلية                                   

Botherيضايق                                                    

Import يستورد                                                  

Exportيصدر                                                     

Closed circleدائرة مغلقة                                    

Trendsاتجاهات                                                  

Tribeقبيلة                                                        

National identity الهوية القومية                         

Comprisingشامل                                             

Centre round مرتكز على                                  

Insteadبدلاً من                                                 

Divide intoمقسم الى                                         

Independent entity كينونة مستقلة                       

Commonمعروف / منتشر                                  

Lootingالسلب و النهب                                       

Practice ممارسة                                              

Tribal attack هجوم قبلي                                   

Creatينشئ/ يخلق                                             

Situationموقف                                                

Lastيدوم                                                          

Historical recordsسجلات تاريخية                     

Bloody feudsنزاعات دموية                               

Adventقدوم                                                      

Victorious منتصر                                           

Rightحق                                                        

Enslaveيستعبد                                                 

Slaveعبد                                                          

Captureيأسر                                                   

Defeatيهزم                                                     

Defeated                      مهزوم                             

Slave dealersتجار الرقيق                                  

Supremeعالي / مسيطر                                      

Flourishing marketسوق مزدهر                        

Lawقانون                                                        

Sole possessorالمالك/ المسيطر الوحيد                 

Includingشامل على                                          

Controlسيطرة                                                

Entitledيعطي الحق                                          

Affordيقدر مالياً                                      

Superstitionخرافة                                             

Rampantمنتشر                                                 

Mannerسلوك                                                  

Privilegedمحظوظ/ مميز                                   

Unprivilegedغير محظوظ/ غير مميز                   

Diseaseمرض                                                 

Causesاسباب                                                 

 Cruel قاسي                                                     

Selfish انانى                                                    

Humble متواضع                                             

Craftsmanحرفي                                            

Serve يخدم                                                     

Thankfulشاكر                                                 

Shepherdراعي                                               

Servant خادم                                                  

Slaveعبد                                                        

Slavery عبودية                                                

Tribal feudsنزاعات قبلية                                 

Inequality غير متساوي / عدم المساواة                

Ignoranceتجاهل/ جاهلية                                  

Spreadينتشر                                                  

Attack هجوم/ يهاجم                                          

Counter- attack هجوم مضاد                            

Positive ايجابي                                               

 Negativeسلبي                                             

 Elements عناصر /صفات/ سمات                      

Eradicate يقضي على                                      

Advent of Islam قدوم الاسلام                         

Traits صفات                                                  

Herd القطيع                                                     

Extensive واسع المدى                                     

Scanty نادر                                                   

Heritage ميراث                                             

Wander يتجول                                               

Wonder يتعجب                                              

Physical power القدرة البدنية                           

Miserly بائسة                                                

Bravery شجاعه                                              

Hostile معادي                                                

Reinforce يقوى                                              

Customsعادات                                                

 

 

Deep-rootedعميق الجذور                                  

Well-knownمعروف- مشهور                            

Cultureثقافة                                                    

Exceptionاستثناء                                             

Effectيؤثر                                                      

Affectتأثير                                                     

Establishedمؤسس                                          

Miraculousاعجازي                                        

Depthعمق                                                      

Conditionsظروف                                            

Al-Jahiliahالجاهلية                                          

Ignoranceتجاهل/ جهل                                      

Broad senseبكل معنى الكلمة                              

Beneficialمفيد                                               

Aspects of lifeجوانب الحياة                             

Outstandingبارز                                           

Civilizationحضارة                                        

Eraعصر/ فترة                                                   

Illiterateأمي                                                  

Effortمجهود                                                   

Educateيعلم                                                   

Educationيتعلم                                               

Surrounded byمحاط بـ                                   

Enrichيثري                                                    

Heritageتراث                                                 

Ancientقديم                                                     

Modernحديث                                                  

Persianفارسي                                                

In contact withعلى صلة بـ                               

Periodicallyمن فترة الى أخرى                           

Caravansقوافل                                                

Scarcelyنادراً                                                  

Stableمستقر                                                    

Inhabitantsسكان                                             

Bedouinsبدو                                                  

On the moveمرتحل                                       

Infantsأطفال                                                      

Maleذكر                                                           

Femaleأنثى                                                      

Grow up يكبر                                                  

Enemyعدو                                                      

Fighterمقاتل                                                   

Guardيحرس                                                   

Revengeينتقم / انتقام                                          

Againstضد                                                     

Attackيهاجم                                                    

Succeed in ينجح في                                         

Uselessبلا فائدة                                                

Burdenعبء                                                    

Extentمدى/ حد                                                

Buryingدفن                                                    

Buryيدفن                                                        

Innocentبرئ                                                 

Guiltyمذنب                                                    

Consideredيعتبر                                             

Thusلهذا السبب                                                

Terribleفظيع                                                  

Cruelقاس                                                        

Spare= avoidيتجنب                                         

Costيتكلف                                                      

Rearingتربية                                                  

Attemptsمحاولات                                            

Imaginary  خيالي                                           

Usefulمفيد                                                      

Considered يعتبر                                           

Sectorقطاع                                                      

Irresponsibleغير مسئول                                   

Supernatural forcesقوى خارقة للطبيعة                

Vicious  circleدائرة مفرغة                               

Tradeتجارة                                                      

Leisure Time وقت                                        

Gambled يقامر                                              

Engagedمشغول بـ                                           

Breeding animalsيربي الحيوانات                      

Licentiousاباحي                                                Sorcery الشعوذة                                           

Pretendيتظاهر                                               

Inflated senseاحساس زائد                               

Importance أهمية                                          

Limitحد                                                          

Freedomحرية                                                 

Manual work               اعمال يدوية                   

Boastful متباهي/ متفاخر                                   

Aggressiveعدواني                                          

Societyمجتمع                                                

Treat يعامل                                                      

Patientsمرضى                                               

Behaviour سلوك                                            

Behave يسلك                                                 

Beneath its dignityأقل من أن يليق بها                

Compose of يتكون من                                     

Ordersأوامر                                                   

Phobicخوف مرضي                                         

Depressedمحبط                                             

Submissive خاضع/ ذليل                                  

Primitiveبدائي                                               

Refuge  ملجأ                                                 

Hospitableمضياف                                        

Hospitality كرم الضيافة                                   

Attract يجذب                                                 

Courage شجاعه                                            

Survive يبقى على قيد الحياة                              

Necessity ضرورة                                         

Lurkيتربص                                                 

Environment بيئة                                         

Natural طبيعى                                              

Face يواجه                                                     

Exposeيتعرض                                              

Brave شجاع                                                  

Share يشارك/ يتقاسم                                        

Tents خيام                                                    

Sprang from نابع من                                    

Threaten يهدد                                              

Sheer مجرد                                                  

Defend يدافع                                                

Heart of the desert قلب الصحراء                   

The unknown المجهول                                

 

 

 

 

 

 

1- When did Muhammed (p.b.u.h) address the people of Mecca to Islam?

    In the year 610 A.D.

                                                           

2- What did the prophet (p.b.u.h) tell the Meccan?

    He told them that he was a prophet sent by Almighty God to lead them along the right path.

 

3- Who sent Muhammed (p.b.u.h)?

    Almighty God sent Muhammed(p.b.u.h).

 

4- Why did Almighty Allah send the prophet (p.b.u.h)?

    To lead the people along the right path.

 

5-What was the reaction of the Meccans?

    The overwhelming majority of the Meccan people rejected the prophet’s claim.

 

6-Why did the Meccans reject the prophet’s claim?

    However honest and truthful the prophet is, his countrymen would find it difficult to accept his        

    claim that he was chosen by God to deliver his message.

 

7-What is the plight of all prophets?

    The plight is there is no prophet in his own country. “Nul n’est prophete dans son pays”

 

8-What is the strange about the prophet’s claim?

    The strange about the claim that its change is it spread in a short time and deeply rooted also.

    It is well-established and has great effect.

 

9-What is “Al Jahiliah”? What does “ Al Jahiliah” mean?

    Al Jahiliah is the pre-Islamic period which means ignorance of what is beneficial to man in

    all aspects of life.

 

  10- Describe the Arabs of “Al Jahilia”.

       The Arabs of Al-Jahilia were illiterate people and made no effort to educate themselves

       or their children.

 

  11- What was the pre-Islamic Arabia surrounded by?

       The pre-Islamic Arabia was surrounded by the most outstanding civilizations that enriched

       man’s heritage.

 

  12- What were the civilizations?

        To the west the ancient Egyptians civilization .To the east the Persian. To the north, the Roman.   

        To the south Yemen.

 

 

 

 13- How were the Arabs in contact with the countries?

         They sent caravans to the countries periodically.

 

   14- Why were the Arabs scarcely affected by the surrounding cultures?

         Because the pre-Islamic society was not stable. Most of the inhabitants were Bedouins who  

         were always on the move. Also, their blood thirsty tribal feuds kept them too busy to bother

        about importing any useful trends from  outside their closed circle.

 

   15- What did the pre-Islam Arab society center round?

        The tribe.

 

   16- What was the common practice in Pre-Islamic Arabia?

         Tribal feuds and looting.

 

   17- What was the right of the victorious tribe?

         The victorious tribe had the right to enslave whoever was captured from the defeated tribe.

 

   18- Why were male infants more welcome than females?

        Because the male infant would grow up to be a fighter who would guard the tribe against its

        enemies and take revenge on them if they succeeded in attacking his own tribe.

 

    19- Why did the cruel fathers bury their female infant alive?

         a) to spare themselves the trouble and the cost of rearing a female child.

         b) because in later years they bring shame upon the family if her behaviour was irresponsible.

 

    20- How was the pre- Islamic Arabs spend their time?

        a) fighting                  b) looting                    c) breeding camels and sheep

       d) in trade                   e) drank alcohol          f) gambled         g) behaved in a licentious manner.

 

    21- Why did people resort to sorcery?

          For cures from disease.

 

    22- How did sorcery treat them?

        The sorcers gave imaginary causes for diseases and pretend to make use of supernatural forces in their attempts to treat their patients.

 

 23- Describe the privileged sector .

     The privileged sector was :1- aggressive    2- boastful        3- cruel          4- selfish 

     5- it had an inflated sense of its own importance.

     6- wouldn’t accept any limit to its freedom of action except tradition.

     7- it was there to fight , give orders, and be served.       

     8- the manual work was considered beneath  its dignity.

 

24- Describe the unprivileged sector .

   1-It was composed of servants and slaves.                   2- It was submissive.     

   3- depressed                                4- phobic

     5- It did the work of the shepherd and the humble craftsman.

     6- It was there to serve and be thanked.

 

25- What were the positive elements of the pre-Islamic society?

      Bravery and hospitality.

 

26- Why did the Bedouins light fires outside their tents at night?

     To attract those that were in need of refuge and help.

 

27- the bloody feuds between El- Aws and El- Khazraj lasted a hundred years till the advent of Islam.

 

28- The pre- Islamic Arab society centered round the tribe. There was no national identity comprising all the Arabs.

 

29- The Arabs were divided into many tribes each of which had its independent identity.

 

30 – The slavery was common in Arabia.

 

31- The looting was a common practice in the pre- Islamic Arabia.

 

32- The man was the supreme master inside the family. He was the sole possessor of every thing.

 

33-  Hospitality was a common heritage in a society.

 

34- The desert played an important part in forming the traits.

 

35- The hospitality was a necessity in the extensive desert where death lurked round every corner threatening the ever wandering Bedouins .

 

36- The fittest who survived in the desert.

 

37- Life in the desert managing by sheer physical power.

 

38- tradition is the only limit to the freedom of action.

 

39- sorcery and superstition were rampant in the pre- Islamic society.

 

40- the society was divided into privileged and unprivileged sectors.

 

41- Islameradicate the negative elements and reinforce the positive ones.