Unit 11 Daniel Defoe

 

Island جزيرة                                                    islandersسكان جزيرة                                         

First-aid boxصندوق الاسعافات الأولية                   

Cooking potاناء الطهي                                    

Hammer شاكوش                                           

Knifeسكينة                                                    

Fork شوكة                                                    

Spoonملعقة                                                 

Mirror مراّة                                                 

Torch مصباح يدوي                                       

Rope حبل                                                 

Money نقود                                             

Mobile phone موبايل                              

Cut يقطع/ يقص                                         

Wood خشب                                            

Woods غابة                                           

Used to + v.infيستخدم لـ                        

Used for +v.ingيستخدم لـ                      

Desert صحراء                                    

Early مبكراً                                         

Late متأخر                                         

Difference اختلاف                               

Similar تشابه                                     

Sign علامة/ إشارة                                  

Hurt يؤلم / يصيب                                  

Wear يرتدي                                        

Camp معسكر                                       

Married متزوج                                   

Single أعزب                                        

Son ابن                                              

Daughter ابنه                                      

Butcher جزار                                      

Newspaper جريدة                                

Magazine مجلة                                   

Article مقالة                                        

Famous مشهور                                   

Sailor بحار                                         

Adventure مغامرة                                 

Shipwreck يتحطم السفينه                          

Grow ينمو                                          

Hunt يصطاد                                        

Lonely وحيد                                        

Human بشر                                       

Humanity بشرية                                  

Discover يكتشف                                  

Find out يكتشف                                    

 

Find يجد                                                   

Surprised مندهش                                        

Footprints أثار أقدام                                     

Fingerprints بصمات أصابع                            

Prison سجن                                               

Prisoner سجين                                            

Save يوفر                                                  

Take off يقلع                                              

Business عمل                                             

South America أمريكا الجنوبية                         

North America أمريكا الشمالية                       

Parents والدين                                          

Before قبل                                              

After بعد                                                

Tools أدوات                                             

Guns اسلحة                                            

Usefulمفيد                                             

Useless بلا فائدة                                       

Sink-sank-sunkيغرق/ يغوص                        

Teach-taught يدرس                                  

Stay يبقى                                                 

Sand رمل                                                 

Design يصمم                                            

Designer مصمم                                        

Artist فنان                                                

Inspect يفتش                                             

Inspector مفتش                                            

Scientist عالم                                             

Archaeologist عالم اثار                                 

Actor ممثل                                                

Actress ممثلة                                               

Biologist عالم أحياء                                       

Reward مكافأة                                             

Exactly بالضبط                                            

Sail يبحر                                                   

Finally في النهاية                                         

Return يعود                                               

Successful ناجح                                         

 

Vocabulary

·Island (n.) a piece of land surrounded by water.

·First-aid (n.) simple medical treatment that you give to an injured person before the doctor arrives.

·Cooking-pot (n.) a round container, especially one used for cooking or storing food.

·Hammer (n.) a tool used for hitting nails into wood.

·Knife (n.) a tool used for cutting or as a weapon.

·Fork (n.) a small tool used for picking up and eating food, with a handle and three or four points.

·Spoon (n.) a thing used for eating and serving food, shaped like a small howl with a long handle.

·Mirror (n.) a piece of glass or other shiny or polished surface, throws back reflects images.

·Torch (n.) a small electric light carried in the hand.

·Rope (n.) a piece of strong thick cord made by twisting.

·Money (n.) coins or paper notes with their value printed on them, given and taken in buying and selling.

·Mobile phone (n.) phone that can be moved quickly and easily.

·Cut (v.)  to make a narrow opening in something with a sharp edge or instrument. To divide something or spate with a sharp edge or instrument.

·Wood (n.) the material of which tree as are made, which trees are made, which is cut and dried in various forms for burning, making paper or furniture.

·Woods (n.) a place where trees grow smaller than a forest.

·Desert (n.) a large sandy piece of land where there is very little rain and not many plants.

·Early (adj.) arriving, happening before the usual or expected time.

·Late (adj.) arrive, happening after the usual , arranged, or expected time.

·Difference (n.) a way of being unlike.

·Similar (adj.) like or alike of the same kind.

·Sign (n.) a standard mark, something which is seen and represents a known meaning.

·Hurt (v.) to cause pain or damage (injury) especially a part of the body.

·Wear (v.) to have especially clothes on the body.

·Camp (n.) a place where people live in tents or huts usually for a short time.

·Married (adj.) having a husband or a wife.

·Single (adj.) only one, unmarried.

·Son (n.) someone’s male child.

·Daughter (n.) someone’s female child.

·Butcher (n.) a person who kills animals for food or one whose shop sells meat.

·Newspaper (n.) a paper printed and sold usually daily or weekly with news, notices, advertisement.

·Magazine (n.) a sort of book with a paper cover, which contains writing, photographs and advertisements usually on a special subject or for a certain group of people and which is printed every week or month.

·Article (n.) a piece of writing on a particular subject in a newspaper, magazine.

·Famous (adj.) very well known.

·Sailor (n.) someone who sails on boats or ships, especially as a job.

·Adventure (n.) an exciting experience in which dangerous or unusual things happens.

·Shipwreck (n.) an accident in which a ship is destroyed at sea.

·Grow (v.) to develop and become bigger or longer over a period of time.

·Hunt (v.) to chase animals in order to catch and kill them.

·Lonely (adj.) unhappy because you are alone.

·Human (n.) man, woman or child.

·Humanity (n.) kindness, respect, and sympathy towards other people. people in general.

·Discover (v.) to find something that was hidden, or that people did not know about before.

·Find out (v.) discover.

·Find (v.) to discover, see, or get something that you have been looking for.

·Surprised (adj.) if you are surprised by something, you do not expect it and it seems strange or unusual.

·Footprints (n.) marks made by feet or shoes.

·Prison (n.) a building where criminals are kept as a punishment.

·Prisoner (n.) someone who is kept in a prison.

·Save (v.) to make someone or something safe from danger, harm or destruction.

·Take off (v.) when a plane moves off the ground into the air.

·Business (n.) the activity of producing, buying or selling goods or services.

·Design (v.) to make a drawing or pattern of, to draw the plans for.

·Artist (n.) a person who practices or works in one of the fine arts especially paintings.

·Inspect (v.) to examine the details of something.

·Inspector (n.) an official who inspects.

·Scientist (n.) a person who works in a science especially physics, chemistry or biology.

·Archaeology (n.) the study of the buried remains of ancient times such as houses, pots, tools and weapons.

·Act (v.) to take action, to represent.

·Actor (n.) a person who acts in a play or film.

·Actress (n.) a woman who acts in a play or a film.

·Biology (n.) the scientific study of living things.

·Build (v.) to make one or more things by putting pieces together.

·Leave (v.) to go away from.

·Reward (n.) something given or grained as return for work or service.

·Exactly (adv.) used with numbers and measures, with complete correctness.

·Sand (n.) the small loose grains of material found on beaches and in deserts used for making cement and glass.

·Stay (v.) to remain.

·Escape (v.) to find a way out, get out.

·Return (v.) to come or go back.

·Sail (v. of a ship to travel on the water.

·Sink (v.) to cause to go down below a surface or the bottom of water.

·Successful (adj.) having succeeded, having gained an aim.

·Tools (n.) instruments for doing special jobs.

·Guns (n.) weapons.

·Useful (adj.) effective in use.

·Useless (adj.() not of any use.

·Finally (adv.) at last.

 

 

Reading

The adventures of Robinson Crusoe

Robinson Crusoe left England on a ship in 1651, even though his parents did not want him to become a sailor. Eight years later, after many exciting but dangerous adventures, there was a terrible storm. Crusoe was shipwrecked on an island about 70 km from South America. All the other sailors died, but Crusoe saved tools, guns and other useful things from the ship before it sank. He built a safe home, hunted animals and grew crops for food. A bird and some cats were his only friends, but he was lonely because he was the only human on the island.

After twelve years, Crusoe was very surprised when he found a human footprint in the sand. He discovered that people from the mainland sometimes visited the island and killed their prisoners there. One of these people escaped and stayed with Crusoe on the island. Crusoe called him Friday and taught him a few words of English. Later, another group of people from the mainland came to the island. Crusoe and Friday killed some of them and saved some more prisoners. Friday’s father was one of these. With more help, Crusoe found now grow more food.

In December 1686, an English ship arrived and took Crusoe and Friday off the island. Crusoe and Friday off the island. Crusoe and Friday then travelled to England, and finally arrived in London in June 1687. Crusoe found that a business he had started years ago had been very successful, so he was now a rich man. He married and had three children. After his wife died, he sailed back to the island for the last time. He found the islanders were living happy, successful lives there.

 

 

Read and order:

Read a summary of Defoe’s novel Robinson Crusoe and order the sentences.

 

a      An English ship arrived at the island.

b       Crusoe built a home on the island.

c       Crusoe found a footprint in the sand.

d      Crusoe left England and became a sailor.

e      Crusoe returned to the island.

f       Crusoe taught Friday some English.

g      Crusoe was shipwrecked.

h      Friday and Crusoe returned to England.

i       They saved some more prisoners.

 


 

Answer the following questions:

1- For how long was Robinson Crusoe a sailor before he was shipwrecked?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

2-What did Crusoe save from the ship?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

3-How did Crusoe become a rich man?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

4- Why do you think Crusoe’s parents did not want him to be a sailor?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

5-In what ways was Crusoe able to adapt to life on the island?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

6-How do you think he felt when he found that islanders were living happy successful lives?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

 

 

 

Student Book P.68

Read about Daniel Defoe’s life and answer these questions:

 

Daniel Defoe

· 1660  Defoe was born in London. His father was a butcher.

· 1684  Defoe married Mary Tuffley. They had two sons and five daughters.

· 1704 Defoe started his own newspaper, The Review.

· 1719  Defoe wrote his most famous book, Robinson Crusoe.

· 1731  Defoe died.

 

a)What did Defoe’s father do?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

b)How many children did Defoe have?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

c)How old was Defoe when he died?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

 

Writing

 

Imagine a situation

 

You are going to a desert island. You can take any ten things you want. Write what you will take with you and how can you adapt with the life there

 

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

 

 

Speaking

 

You are going to tell a well-known story.

While you are speaking think about :

The main characters.

The plot.

The main moral.

 

Listening

 

Listen to Omar and Ahmed choosing six things to help them on a desert island. Make notes to complete the table.

 

Omar and Ahmed will take…….

How they will use it?

1 a knife

They’ll use it to cut things and for protection.

2

  They’ll use it………………………………………………..

3

  They’ll use it………………………………………………..

4

  They’ll use it………………………………………………..

5

  They’ll use it………………………………………………..

6

  They’ll use it………………………………………………..

 

 

 

Grammar

Must

 

Must" is most commonly used to express certainty. It can also be used to express necessity or strong recommendation

Examples:

·         This must be the right address!                                 certainty

·         Students must pass an entrance examination to study at this school.  

                                                                                   necessity

·         You must take some medicine for that cough.                                          

                                                          strongrecommendation

·         Jenny, you must not play in the street!                   prohibition

 

Have To

"Have to" is used to express certainty, necessity, and obligation

 

Examples:

·         This answer has to be correct.                            certainty

·         The soup has to be stirred continuously to prevent burning.    

                                                                             necessity

·         They have to leave early.                                  obligation

 

Using "Have to" in Present, Past, and Future

 

1. She doesn't have toread "Grapes of Wrath." It's optional reading for extra credit.

2. She didn't have to write a critique of "The Scarlet Letter." She had to give a presentation to her class.

3. She won't have totake any other literature classes. American Literature 101 is the only required course.

 

REMEMBER: "Do not have to" vs. "Must not"


"Do not have to" suggests that someone is not required to do something. "Must not" suggests that you are prohibited from doing something.

 

Examples:

·   You must not eat that. It is forbidden, it is not allowed.

·   You don't have to eat that. You can if you want to, but it is not necessary

 

Complete the sentences using (must- have to)

1.I be at the meeting by 10:00. I will probably take a taxi if I want to be on time.

 

2. You submit the application if it has not been completely filled out. Check that the name, address, and background information are correct. If the form is not accurate and complete, you will be rejected and you will reapply at a later date.

3. Tina: Look at these flowers - they're beautiful! But, there's no card. Who could have sent them?
Stephanie: It
have been David. He's the only one who would send you flowers.

 

4. You forget to pay the rent tomorrow. The landlord is very strict about paying on time.

5. You
be so rude! Why don't you try saying "please" once in a while.